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clientpacket.c

/* clientpacket.c
 *
 * Packet generation and dispatching functions for the DHCP client.
 *
 * Russ Dill <Russ.Dill@asu.edu> July 2001
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 */

#include <string.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <features.h>
#if __GLIBC__ >=2 && __GLIBC_MINOR >= 1
#include <netpacket/packet.h>
#include <net/ethernet.h>
#else
#include <asm/types.h>
#include <linux/if_packet.h>
#include <linux/if_ether.h>
#endif
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <fcntl.h>


#include "dhcpd.h"
#include "clientpacket.h"
#include "options.h"
#include "dhcpc.h"
#include "common.h"


/* Create a random xid */
unsigned long random_xid(void)
{
      static int initialized;
      if (!initialized) {
            int fd;
            unsigned long seed;

            fd = open("/dev/urandom", 0);
            if (fd < 0 || read(fd, &seed, sizeof(seed)) < 0) {
                  LOG(LOG_WARNING, "Could not load seed from /dev/urandom: %m");
                  seed = time(0);
            }
            if (fd >= 0) close(fd);
            srand(seed);
            initialized++;
      }
      return rand();
}


/* initialize a packet with the proper defaults */
static void init_packet(struct dhcpMessage *packet, char type)
{
      struct vendor  {
            char vendor, length;
            char str[sizeof("udhcp "VERSION)];
      } vendor_id = { DHCP_VENDOR,  sizeof("udhcp "VERSION) - 1, "udhcp "VERSION};

      init_header(packet, type);
      memcpy(packet->chaddr, client_config.arp, 6);
      add_option_string(packet->options, client_config.clientid);
      if (client_config.hostname) add_option_string(packet->options, client_config.hostname);
      if (client_config.fqdn) add_option_string(packet->options, client_config.fqdn);
      add_option_string(packet->options, (uint8_t *) &vendor_id);
}


/* Add a parameter request list for stubborn DHCP servers. Pull the data
 * from the struct in options.c. Don't do bounds checking here because it
 * goes towards the head of the packet. */
static void add_requests(struct dhcpMessage *packet)
{
      int end = end_option(packet->options);
      int i, len = 0;

      packet->options[end + OPT_CODE] = DHCP_PARAM_REQ;
      for (i = 0; dhcp_options[i].code; i++)
            if (dhcp_options[i].flags & OPTION_REQ)
                  packet->options[end + OPT_DATA + len++] = dhcp_options[i].code;
      packet->options[end + OPT_LEN] = len;
      packet->options[end + OPT_DATA + len] = DHCP_END;

}


/* Broadcast a DHCP discover packet to the network, with an optionally requested IP */
int send_discover(unsigned long xid, unsigned long requested)
{
      struct dhcpMessage packet;

      init_packet(&packet, DHCPDISCOVER);
      packet.xid = xid;
      if (requested)
            add_simple_option(packet.options, DHCP_REQUESTED_IP, requested);

      add_requests(&packet);
      LOG(LOG_DEBUG, "Sending discover...");
      return raw_packet(&packet, INADDR_ANY, CLIENT_PORT, INADDR_BROADCAST,
                        SERVER_PORT, MAC_BCAST_ADDR, client_config.ifindex);
}


/* Broadcasts a DHCP request message */
int send_selecting(unsigned long xid, unsigned long server, unsigned long requested)
{
      struct dhcpMessage packet;
      struct in_addr addr;

      init_packet(&packet, DHCPREQUEST);
      packet.xid = xid;

      add_simple_option(packet.options, DHCP_REQUESTED_IP, requested);
      add_simple_option(packet.options, DHCP_SERVER_ID, server);

      add_requests(&packet);
      addr.s_addr = requested;
      LOG(LOG_DEBUG, "Sending select for %s...", inet_ntoa(addr));
      return raw_packet(&packet, INADDR_ANY, CLIENT_PORT, INADDR_BROADCAST,
                        SERVER_PORT, MAC_BCAST_ADDR, client_config.ifindex);
}


/* Unicasts or broadcasts a DHCP renew message */
int send_renew(unsigned long xid, unsigned long server, unsigned long ciaddr)
{
      struct dhcpMessage packet;
      int ret = 0;

      init_packet(&packet, DHCPREQUEST);
      packet.xid = xid;
      packet.ciaddr = ciaddr;

      add_requests(&packet);
      LOG(LOG_DEBUG, "Sending renew...");
      if (server)
            ret = kernel_packet(&packet, ciaddr, CLIENT_PORT, server, SERVER_PORT);
      else ret = raw_packet(&packet, INADDR_ANY, CLIENT_PORT, INADDR_BROADCAST,
                        SERVER_PORT, MAC_BCAST_ADDR, client_config.ifindex);
      return ret;
}


/* Unicasts a DHCP release message */
int send_release(unsigned long server, unsigned long ciaddr)
{
      struct dhcpMessage packet;

      init_packet(&packet, DHCPRELEASE);
      packet.xid = random_xid();
      packet.ciaddr = ciaddr;

      add_simple_option(packet.options, DHCP_REQUESTED_IP, ciaddr);
      add_simple_option(packet.options, DHCP_SERVER_ID, server);

      LOG(LOG_DEBUG, "Sending release...");
      return kernel_packet(&packet, ciaddr, CLIENT_PORT, server, SERVER_PORT);
}


/* return -1 on errors that are fatal for the socket, -2 for those that aren't */
int get_raw_packet(struct dhcpMessage *payload, int fd)
{
      int bytes;
      struct udp_dhcp_packet packet;
      uint32_t source, dest;
      uint16_t check;

      memset(&packet, 0, sizeof(struct udp_dhcp_packet));
      bytes = read(fd, &packet, sizeof(struct udp_dhcp_packet));
      if (bytes < 0) {
            DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "couldn't read on raw listening socket -- ignoring");
            usleep(500000); /* possible down interface, looping condition */
            return -1;
      }

      if (bytes < (int) (sizeof(struct iphdr) + sizeof(struct udphdr))) {
            DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "message too short, ignoring");
            return -2;
      }

      if (bytes < ntohs(packet.ip.tot_len)) {
            DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "Truncated packet");
            return -2;
      }

      /* ignore any extra garbage bytes */
      bytes = ntohs(packet.ip.tot_len);

      /* Make sure its the right packet for us, and that it passes sanity checks */
      if (packet.ip.protocol != IPPROTO_UDP || packet.ip.version != IPVERSION ||
          packet.ip.ihl != sizeof(packet.ip) >> 2 || packet.udp.dest != htons(CLIENT_PORT) ||
          bytes > (int) sizeof(struct udp_dhcp_packet) ||
          ntohs(packet.udp.len) != (uint16_t) (bytes - sizeof(packet.ip))) {
            DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "unrelated/bogus packet");
            return -2;
      }

      /* check IP checksum */
      check = packet.ip.check;
      packet.ip.check = 0;
      if (check != checksum(&(packet.ip), sizeof(packet.ip))) {
            DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "bad IP header checksum, ignoring");
            return -1;
      }

      /* verify the UDP checksum by replacing the header with a psuedo header */
      source = packet.ip.saddr;
      dest = packet.ip.daddr;
      check = packet.udp.check;
      packet.udp.check = 0;
      memset(&packet.ip, 0, sizeof(packet.ip));

      packet.ip.protocol = IPPROTO_UDP;
      packet.ip.saddr = source;
      packet.ip.daddr = dest;
      packet.ip.tot_len = packet.udp.len; /* cheat on the psuedo-header */
      if (check && check != checksum(&packet, bytes)) {
            DEBUG(LOG_ERR, "packet with bad UDP checksum received, ignoring");
            return -2;
      }

      memcpy(payload, &(packet.data), bytes - (sizeof(packet.ip) + sizeof(packet.udp)));

      if (ntohl(payload->cookie) != DHCP_MAGIC) {
            LOG(LOG_ERR, "received bogus message (bad magic) -- ignoring");
            return -2;
      }
      DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "oooooh!!! got some!");
      return bytes - (sizeof(packet.ip) + sizeof(packet.udp));

}

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